What is the divine mission of Israel and God’s calling upon the nations? How do the roles of Israel and the Church inter-relate?  The modern-day Messianic Jewish Movement has made manifest the need to reexamine Christian theological axioms which have been at cross-purposes with divine revelation and Apostolic Christianity.  A host of issues like Israel’s Olive Tree (Rom 11) and The One New Man (Eph 2) need to be viewed through the lens of sound Apostolic biblical teaching versus the classical Replacement Theology of much of the Church.